Fat content and fatty acid composition of seed oils

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Note that content and composition can vary widely with variety and growing conditions. Where sources vary, average values are given.

Seed Fatty acids (% total oil) Notes
18:3w3 linolenic 18:2w6 linoleic of which GLA 18:1w9 oleic 18:0' 16:0'
almond   17   78 5    
avocado (seed?)   10   70 20    
avocado (flesh)              
beech   32   54 8    
brazil   24   48 24    
calendula (marigold)              
cashew   6   70 18    
chia 30 40          
coconut   3   6   91  
corn   59   24 17    
cottonseed   50   21 25   toxin risk
evening primrose   81 9 11 2 6  
fig             oil not available
filbert   16   54 5    
flax (linseed) 58 14   19 4 5  
grape   71   17 12    
hemp 20 60 23 12 2 6 drug traces
hickory   17   68 9    
kukui (candlenut) 29 40          
macadamia   10   71 12    
neem 1 20   41 20   bitter
olive   8   76 16    
palm kernel   2   13   85  
peanut (groundnut)   29   47 18   fungus risk
pecan   20   63 7    
perilla 55            
pistachio   19   65 9    
pumpkin 8 50   34 '0 9  
rape (canola) 7 30   54 7   10% erucic acid
rice bran 1 35   48 17    
safflower 3 75   13 12    
sesame   45   42 13    
soybean 7 50   26 6 9  
starflower (borage)     22        
sunflower   65   23 12    
walnut 6 51   28 5 11  
wheatgerm 5 50   25 18    

Guy Inchbald 29/09/2000